CLINACASE

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ID: 152
Category: Gastroenterology and Hepatology
CreatedBy: 1
UpdatedBy: 1
createdon: 10 Feb 2023
updatedon: 20 Mar 2023

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Author: Khoa Tran
Published Feb 10, 2023
Updated Mar 20, 2023

Table of contents

Stomach Flu (gastroenteritis)

Stomach flu, also known as gastroenteritis, is a common illness that affects the digestive system. It is caused by a virus, such as norovirus or rotavirus, which spreads through contaminated food, water, or contact with infected individuals.

The main symptoms of stomach flu include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, and cramping. Some individuals may also experience a low-grade fever, headache, and muscle aches. The symptoms usually develop within 12 to 48 hours of exposure to the virus and can last anywhere from a few days to a week.

Treatments for Stomach Flu (gastroenteritis)

Stomach flu is generally a self-limiting illness and does not require medical intervention in most cases. However, it is important to stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water, electrolyte solutions, or clear broths to replace the fluids lost due to vomiting and diarrhea. Avoiding solid foods for the first few days can also help to reduce symptoms.

In severe cases, hospitalization may be necessary if dehydration becomes a concern. Individuals with weakened immune systems, such as young children, elderly individuals, and those with chronic illnesses, are more at risk for severe symptoms and complications from the stomach flu.

Symptoms

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Diarrhea
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Nausea
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Vomiting
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Stomach cramps
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Abdominal pain
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Bloating
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Loss of appetite
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Fatigue
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Headache
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Fever

Confirmation Tests

- Physical examination
- Stool test

Reference

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