ID: 237
Category: Skin Condition
CreatedBy: 1
UpdatedBy: 1
createdon: 14 Jul 2017
updatedon: 18 Jun 2023

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Author: Khoa Tran
Published Jul 14, 2017
Updated Jun 18, 2023

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Etymology and Pronunciation

scabies (S-KAY-BEEZ)
scabere - Latin for "to scratch"

History of Scabies

In 1687, Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, a Dutch scientist, invented the first microscope, which allowed researchers to see the mite and examine it in more detail.

In the 19th century, Dr. Giovanni Cosimo Bonomo discovered the mite, which became known as Sarcoptes scabiei, through the use of his improved microscope. 

More recently, researchers made additional discoveries about the physiology and life cycle of the Scabies mite. This led to the development of effective treatments, such as topical creams and oral medications, to combat the infestation. Today, doctors and researchers continue to study Scabies to better understand its transmission and improve treatment options for patients. Technological advancements such as DNA sequencing have also contributed to our understanding of the genetic makeup of the Scabies mite.

Modern Understanding of Scabies

Scabies is a skin condition caused by mites. These mites can be found on the skin and can cause a lot of discomfort and itching in the affected areas.

Scabies is typically spread through close contact with someone who is infected with the mites. It can also be spread through sharing personal items such as clothing or bedding.

Symptoms of scabies include intense itching, especially at night, and a rash on the affected areas of the skin. The rash may appear as small red bumps or blisters, and can be found in areas such as the wrists, elbows, and knees.

Diagnosis involves examination of skin scrapings to look for mites, eggs, or fecal matter.

Causes of Scabies

Scabies is a contagious skin infestation caused by a tiny mite called Sarcoptes scabiei. The mite burrows into the skin of its human host and lays eggs, leading to a skin rash that is extremely itchy. Scabies spread through close contact with an infected person, such as living in the same household or sexual contact. It can also be transmitted by sharing bedding, clothing or towels with infected persons. Crowded living conditions, poor hygiene and compromised immune system can increase the risk of acquiring Scabies. It is important to seek medical attention if you suspect you have Scabies to prevent its spread to others.

Treatments for Scabies

If you have scabies, it's important to get treatment right away to stop the infestation from spreading. 

The primary treatment for scabies is prescription medication, such as topical creams or lotions. There are various topical medications available that contain permethrin, ivermectin, or sulfur to kill the mites and their eggs.

It's important to follow the instructions provided by your doctor carefully when applying the treatment, as overuse or misuse can cause potential side effects.

Additionally, it's recommended to wash all clothing, bedding, and towels in hot water to help prevent further spread of the mites. If you think you have scabies or have been in close contact with someone who does, it's best to consult with a healthcare provider to get a proper diagnosis and receive an appropriate treatment plan.


Itchy bumps on the skin
Patchy rash

Confirmation Tests

- Physical examination
- Skin biopsy

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